Selected publications are below: Adult states of mind regarding attachment. The emergence of the disorganized/disoriented (D) attachment classification, 1979-1982, History of Psychology 18(1): 32–46. Lyons-Ruth, K., Bureau, J.-F., Easterbrooks, M., Obsuth, I., Hennighausen, K., & Vulliez-Coady, L. (2013). Schuengel, C., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & van IJzendoorn, M. H. (1999). The ultimate causation of some infant attachment phenomena. "[25] A parent who frightens the child with abusive behavior, or who themselves is frightened when the child seeks comfort because of past trauma, could be supposed to cause such a paradox for an infant. 209), 66-104. Other speakers exhibited lapses in discourse, suddenly moving into speech that was excessively detailed, eulogistic in style or that involved prolonged and unacknowledged silences. ), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research and clinical applications (2nd ed., pp.552-598). Manassis, K., Bradley, S., Goldberg, S., Hood, J., & Swinson, R. P. (1994). (Note: This document is for illustration only. Adult attachment scoring and classification system. New York: Routledge. On the other hand, it is at least conceivable that some biologically-based strategy has been developed to deal with maltreating mothers. Development and the fragmented self: Longitudinal study of dissociative symptomatology in a nonclinical sample, Development and Psychopathology, 9(4), 855–879. Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1986). In M. T. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti & E. M. Cummings (Eds. This work has been described as 'revolutionary'[1] and Main has been described as having 'unprecedented resonance and influence' in the field of psychology.[2]. ), Adult attachment scoring and classification system. Shaver (Eds. University of Gothenburg (2007). Longitudinal findings are presented on developmental outcomes in middle childhood; special populations are examined, including children with disabilities; and new assessment methodologies are described. Since 1986, when disorganized attachment was first defined by Mary Main and Judith Solomon, a great deal of interest has been shown in this addition to the standard Ainsworth classification system. https://www.verywellmind.com/mary-ainsworth-biography-2795501 The sam… Main, M. (1977). Steele, H., & Steele, M. (2008), Clinical applications of the Adult Attachment Interview. Ainsworth Identified Three Primary Attachment Styles. In M. Yogman & T. B. Brazelton (Eds. The Varieties of Attachment Experience 7. She is internationally recognized for her pioneering research in attachment and caregiving, including (with Mary Main) the discovery and delineation of the disorganized attachment classification group and the first longitudinal study of infants in separated and divorced families. The book also examines advances in the biology and neuroscience of attachment. In M. Main, R. Goldwyn & E. Hesse (Eds. Parents' unresolved traumatic experiences are related to infant disorganized attachment status. Goodman compares and contrasts the two theories, and adds similar research comparing the two from several other researchers’ perspectives. ), The effects of the infant on its caregiver (pp. Mary Main is a researcher at University of California, Berkeley who with colleagues identified and empiricized a fourth attachment style in children, namely an insecure disorganized attachment style. [46] An individual who describes extremely negative childhood attachment experiences could be classified as having a secure-autonomous state of mind if they describe these experiences in a coherent and apparently objective way. The Foundations of Attachment Theory 3. Solomon, J., & George, C. (2011). The Adult Attachment Interview: Protocol, method of analysis, and empirical studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Unpublished manuscript, University of California at Berkeley. [24], After the initial presentation of protocols for coding D Strange Situation behavior in infants by Main and Solomon, researchers have explored the caregiving behavior associated with the classification. (1999). [18] A meta-analysis of 4 samples involving 223 children found a significant association between disorganization and school age controlling attachment behavior. Main has also emphasised that attachment states of mind should not be viewed as fixed and unalterable: "these… categorical placements… must be understood to reference only current, and potentially changeable, states of mind with respect to attachment. George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1984). in divorce proceedings)[32] have also been found to predict infant disorganized attachment behavior. The interviewees appear to be balanced and objective in their descriptions and evaluations of relationships and overall seem to value attachment. (1990). Mary Main was among the first doctoral students of Mary Ainsworth's at The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, exploring the relationship between attachment and infant play in her doctoral research. Individual differences in infant responses to the situation were found and three patterns were identified: secure, insecure-avoidant, and insecure-ambivalent.[3]. Main, M., & Solomon, J. [14] For example, this classification in infancy has been found associated with school-age externalising problem behavior,[15] indices of dissociation in adolescence[16] and development of post-traumatic stress symptoms following trauma exposure. "[7] In her attention to attachment as an evolutionary phenomenon, from early in her career Main was already reflecting that a conflict might arise between an infant's experience of aversive parenting and the attachment injunction to seek protection from a caregiver: Peculiar maltreatment effects – that is, the irrational return of the abused to the abusing object – were first noted by Darwin (1972) in his voyage to the Galapagos; they were presented along with an explanation of the mechanism. ), Growing points of attachment theory and research. Mary Main has more than 40 published journal articles and book chapters and has over 25,000 google scholar citations (as of January 2015). , Marvin, R. Goldwyn & E. Waters ( Eds. fearful fixation particular! History: an introduction to the level of representation 11 ] the association has been developed to deal with mothers... 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