That would seem to me to be terrible: for it to be a plea for help that nobody hears. She smiles: “Somebody once said they saw someone taking a piece away from Nick’s grave and being thrilled. [104], Drake, who studied English literature at Cambridge, was drawn to the works of William Blake, William Butler Yeats, and Henry Vaughan, influences reflected in his lyrics. Nick was a man of few words. He was doing his song 'Fruit Tree' and walked off halfway through it. [52], Bryter Layter was a commercial failure, and reviews were again mixed; Record Mirror praised Drake as a "beautiful guitarist—clean and with perfect timing, [and] accompanied by soft, beautiful arrangements", but Melody Maker described the album as "an awkward mix of folk and cocktail jazz". This rage must have festered beneath that inexpressive exterior for years. He grew up in Tanworth in Arden, Warwickshire, was educated at Cambridge University where he was an accomplished sprinter (I believe he still holds the university record for the 100-yard dash) and … “I’ll never forget that moment. He was wearing a beautiful tweed jacket, which had a slightly high waistband and he looked so beautiful. And three months later he'd be back. [47][48] Disappointed by his debut's poor sales, Drake sought to move away from his pastoral sound, and agreed to Boyd's suggestions to include bass and drum tracks. “My father knew this and Nick said it too – that Nick found his home a prison. [72] In contrast, Gabrielle said "I'd rather he died because he wanted to end it than it to be the result of a tragic mistake. It was actually quite painful to watch. [43] Eventually, in an attempt to bring some stability and a telephone into Drake's life, Boyd organised and paid for a ground floor bedsit in Belsize Park, Camden.[44]. My brother once said to my mother, ‘If only I could feel that my music had helped anyone at all …’ and I just wish he would have known how many people have said to us over the years how his music had helped them.”, Gabrielle also discloses that her mother struggled with depression when she was young. I think he helped her through it.”. [17], According to Drake's friend Paul Wheeler, Drake had already decided not to complete his third year at Cambridge and was excited by the contract. On completion of his third album, 1972's Pink Moon, he withdrew from both live performance and recording, retreating to his parents' home in rural Warwickshire. The following year, Dutch director Jeroen Berkvens released the documentary A Skin Too Few: The Days of Nick Drake, featuring interviews with Boyd, Gabrielle Drake, Wood and Kirby. [12], Nick's older sister, Gabrielle, became a successful screen actress. “But they never hung on to him at home. [72], Drake received little critical success during his lifetime, but has since been widely acclaimed. Hutchings introduced Drake to the 25-year-old American producer Joe Boyd, owner of the production and management company Witchseason Productions. Drake never achieved widespread recognition in his lifetime but inspired a cult following in the decades following his death. [5] His reluctance to perform live, or be interviewed, contributed to his lack of commercial success. Drake's second album, Bryter Layter (1971),[46] again produced by Boyd and engineered by John Wood, introduced a more upbeat, jazzier sound. [45] Rodney described his son's death as unexpected and extraordinary; however, in a 1979 interview he said he had been "worried about Nick being so depressed. [75], In 1999, "Pink Moon" was used in a Volkswagen commercial, boosting Drake's US album sales from about 6,000 copies in 1999 to 74,000 in 2000. [36] Kirby had previously presented Drake with some arrangements for his songs. [75] He would borrow his mother's car and drive for hours without purpose, until he ran out of petrol and had to ring his parents to ask to be collected. "[108], For the British poet and mystery writer, see, "River Man" is noted for its 5/4 time, harmonic changes and use of. To order a copy for £26.99, visit or call 0330 333 6846. [27] His biographer, Trevor Dann, notes that he had difficulty connecting with staff and fellow students, and that matriculation photographs from this time portray a sullen young man. As well as the only place he could be.” The diaries chronicle the years of Nick’s depression at Far Leys, often uncommunicative, often disappearing without saying a word. [28] Cambridge placed emphasis on its rugby and cricket teams, but by this time Drake had lost interest in sport, preferring to stay in his college room smoking cannabis and playing music. Nick Drake was born June 19, 1948 in Rangoon in Burma, only half a year after the country had gained independence from the UK. Impressed by a four-track demo recorded in Drake's college room in early 1968, Boyd offered Drake a management, publishing, and production contract. "[61], Drake delivered the tapes of Pink Moon to Chris Blackwell at Island Records, contrary to a popular legend which claims he dropped them off at the receptionist's desk without saying a word. Last modified on Wed 31 May 2017 12.27 EDT, One evening in the late 1960s, Gabrielle Drake was walking down Haymarket in London with her younger brother, Nick. ‘Nick had no outer skin, no defences’ … says Gabrielle. He threw it onto the bed and walked out! We used to hide away the aspirin and pills and things like that. At one point he could not afford a new pair of shoes. [91] His public profile remained low throughout the 1970s, although his name appeared occasionally in the music press. Now his sister, Gabrielle, has written a revealing book about the singer-songwriter, ‘It’s trite to say nobody understood Nick. "[81] As with the relationship he had shared with fellow folk musician Linda Thompson, Drake's relationship with Ryde was never consummated. I asked him for some time. Both parents wrote music. “Yes. He stammered, "Oh, well, yeah. The Cure's name derives from a lyric from Drake's song "Time Has Told Me" ("a troubled cure for a troubled mind"). However, the return to Sound Techniques' studio raised Drake's spirits; his mother recalled, "We were so absolutely thrilled to think that Nick was happy because there hadn't been any happiness in Nick's life for years. "[83] There was no suicide note, although a letter addressed to Ryde was found close to his bed. I was so proud to be with him.”. He failed to find a wide audience during his lifetime, but his work has posthumously achieved wider notice and recognition. Trevor Dann noted that while sections of "Northern Sky" sound more characteristic of Cale, the song was the closest Drake came to a release with chart potential. Sometimes dead artists need to be protected from their admirers. Drake suffered from depression, particularly during the latter part of his life, a fact often reflected in his lyrics. “I never said any such thing because I don’t know! [109] Rolling Stone included all three of his albums on its 2003 list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. You can do everything in your power but you might still fail.”. Now Boyd has assembled some of … [99] The LA Times saw it as an example of how, following the consolidation of US radio stations, previously unknown music was finding audiences through advertising. This person who said they saw that, said they tore them off a strip.”. I don't know what the audience expected, I mean, they must have known they weren't going to get sea-shanties and sing-alongs at a Nick Drake gig! In 1950 Rodney and Molly Drake returned to England with their children Gabrielle and the four years younger Nicholas to settle in a brick house called Far Leys in the rural village of Tanworth-in-Arden in Warwickshire. Drake began to smoke cannabis, and he travelled with friends to Morocco; according to travelling companion Richard Charkin, "that was where you got the best pot". “I’ll never forget that moment. [9] In 1934, Rodney met Nick's mother, Molly Lloyd (1916–1993), the daughter of a senior member of the Indian Civil Service. Although the verdict has been disputed by some of his friends and members of his family,[2][86] there is a widely held view that, accidental or not, Drake had by then "given up on life". He once took the tapes to Birmingham to get a record made. The title was inspired by. "[73] Nick's supervision partner at Cambridge, John Venning, saw him on a tube train in London and felt he was seriously depressed: "There was something about him which suggested that he would have looked straight through me and not registered me at all. [107] Kirby described Drake's lyrics as a "series of extremely vivid, complete observations, almost like a series of epigrammatic proverbs", though he doubts that Drake saw himself as "any sort of poet". [18], Drake's attention to his studies deteriorated and, although he had accelerated a year in Eagle House, at Marlborough he neglected his studies in favour of music. So I turned around. And that is helping them. "[13] His return was often difficult for his family, as Gabrielle said: "Good days in my parents' home were good days for Nick, and bad days were bad days for Nick. He did the first set and something awful must have happened. [13][14] Encouraged by his mother, Drake learned to play piano at an early age and began to compose songs which he recorded on a reel-to-reel tape recorder she kept in the family drawing room. His music brought posthumous fame and a legion of fans still keen to speculate about the details of his life and work. "[99] In the following years, Drake's songs appeared in soundtracks of "quirky, youthful" films such as The Royal Tenenbaums, Serendipity, and Garden State. He produced music in the late 60s and early 70s and after that left the music world. Drake, Nick: Under Review DVD (2007) ASIN: B000TV4PZG, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 18:22. Pink Moon is the third and final studio album by the English musician Nick Drake, released in the UK by Island Records on 25 February 1972. Drake, who by this time was smoking what Kirby described as "unbelievable amounts" of cannabis[56] and exhibiting "the first signs of psychosis", refused. [25], Drake returned to England in 1967 and moved into his sister's flat in Hampstead, London. In the documentary A Skin Too Few: The Days of Nick Drake Nick’s sister Gabrielle Drake talks about how he was unconsciously influenced by their mother’s music and chord structures. This collection of songs (37 1/2 minutes) is being released because of Nick Drake's (ND) now well known recordings. Posted by Derk Richardson. Neither sold more than 5,000 copies on initial release. “He led them a merry dance!” says Gabrielle. That October, he enrolled at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge University[26] to study English Literature. I have no idea. Later that year, The Guardian placed Bryter Layter number one in its "Alternative Top 100 Albums Ever" list. [10] Nick was born in 1948. "[47], Robert Christgau wrote in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981): "I'm not inclined to revere suicides. Gilbert, Jerry. I know Joe has said that the women singing on "Poor Boy" was a tip of the hat to Leonard Cohen's " So Long, Marianne " but that's about it. Nicholas Rodney Drake (19 June 1948 – 25 November 1974) was an English singer-songwriter and musician known for his acoustic guitar-based songs. “Far Leys was not only a refuge – it was a prison too,” says Gabrielle. It was before Nick became fetishised, the depressives’ pin-up, a posthumous industry. "Nick Drake : l'abécédaire", Le Bord de l'eau (in French), De Angelis, Paola (2007). Nick Drake was an English singer/song writer whose talent passed almost unnoticed during his lifetime. She was taking him for a birthday treat to see Topol in Fiddler on the Roof. He had beautiful hands. [63] An advertisement for the album in Melody Maker in February opened with "Pink Moon—Nick Drake's latest album: the first we heard of it was when it was finished. And I never saw him again. His mother said that around dawn he left his room for the kitchen. Kirby, Robert. [37], Post-production difficulties delayed the release by several months, and the album was poorly marketed and supported. [70] He returned to live at his parents' home in Tanworth-in-Arden, and while he resented the regression, he accepted that his illness made it necessary. Parents are Rodney and Mary Lloyd 'Molly' Drake, parents to his sister, Gabrielle Drake. [32] He sought to include a string arrangement similar to Simon's, "without overwhelming ... or sounding cheesy". He rarely left his flat, and then only to play an occasional concert or to buy drugs. In photos Nick Drake dresses plainly and wears a serious expression or a shy smile. [68] "There wasn't any connection whatsoever," Gilbert said. [34] Both were unhappy with arranger Richard Anthony Hewson's contribution, which they felt was too mainstream for Drake's songs. He was quite an impediment to their lives too while he was at home, though.”, In the early 1970s, Gabrielle would visit Far Leys in between recording The Brothers at Pebble Mill studios and painfully witness her evidently tortured brother. Disappointed by the reaction to Bryter Layter, he turned his thoughts inwards, and withdrew from family and friends. [40] It received little radio play outside shows by more progressive BBC DJs such as John Peel[41] and Bob Harris. In 1985, The Dream Academy reached the UK and US charts with "Life In A Northern Town", a song written for and dedicated to Drake. [4] The bleak songs of Pink Moon are short, and the eleven-track album lasts only 28 minutes, a length described by Wood as "just about right. Reasoning that Drake may have taken a high dosage of antidepressants to recapture this sense of optimism, he said he prefers to imagine Drake "making a desperate lunge for life rather than a calculated surrender to death". On 25 November 1974, Drake died from an overdose of amitriptyline, a prescribed antidepressant; he was 26 years old. The album makes no concession to the theory that music should be escapist. [30], The experience reinforced Drake's decision to retreat from live appearances; the few concerts he did play were usually brief, awkward, and poorly attended. [66] At Boyd's insistence, Drake agreed to an interview with Jerry Gilbert of Sounds Magazine. By the turn of the 90s Drake was being cited as an influence by artists as diverse as country rocker Lucinda Williams, Robyn Hitchcock and Mark Eitzel of American Music Club. I don’t believe he’d necessarily have stayed in this world of popular music. The company was, at the time, licensed to Island Records,[31] and Boyd, who had discovered Fairport Convention and introduced John Martyn and the Incredible String Band to a mainstream audience, was a significant and respected figure on the UK folk scene. [23] He most likely began using LSD while in Aix,[24] and lyrics written during this period—in particular for "Clothes of Sand"— suggest an interest in hallucinogens. Nick Drake died in the dark. [16] His father Rodney remembered: "In one of his reports [the headmaster] said that none of us seemed to know him very well. I think he wrote his nicest melodies in the early morning hours. "I don't like it at home," he told his mother, "but I can't bear it anywhere else. It was about 6pm. [17] He and Drake formed an immediate bond, and Boyd acted as a mentor to Drake throughout his career. My performance had gone well and it looked like the poetry event had gone well too. It's simply one musician's view of life at the time, and you can't ask for more than that. Robert Smith of The Cure made it known that he took his band’s name from a line in Drake’s “Time Has Told Me.”. We did understand him and it still happened’ … Gabrielle Drake. After all, the early 1970s were a time of widespread drug use amongst the rock industry, and the onset of many casualties. “I think he’d have become more esoteric. And I don’t mind what he was.” Her brother’s romantic life, like much else to do with Nick Drake, remains an enigma and a prompt for speculation. "[21] Self-taught,[102] he achieved his guitar style through the use of alternative tunings to create cluster chords,[103] which are difficult to achieve on a guitar using standard tuning. Shy, abstracted, and bad with eye contact, he shuttled quietly from boarding school to prep school to Cambridge and made few friends along the way. Although I'd agree with Mathews answer that the Volkswagon/Pink Moon advert had a big effect I would say that Nick Drake's resurgence had already started a few years before. Inspired by John Simon's production of Leonard Cohen's album Songs of Leonard Cohen, Boyd was keen that Drake's voice would be recorded in a similar close and intimate style, "with no shiny pop reverb". [54] He worried about their side effects and was concerned about how they would react with his regular cannabis use. "[81], On 2 December 1974, after a service in the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Tanworth-in-Arden, Drake's remains were cremated at Solihull Crematorium and his ashes interred under an oak tree in the church's graveyard. We’re meeting because Gabrielle is publicising a new book, Nick Drake: Remembered for a While. “The worst day of our lives …” it concludes. In his 2006 autobiography, Boyd recalled being taken aback at Drake's anger and bitterness: "[He said that] I had told him he was a genius, and others had concurred. She was taking him for a birthday treat to see Topol in Fiddler on the Roof. She passed the hat for me. ‘My brother once said to my mother, “If only I could feel that my music had helped anyone at all …” and I just wish he could have known how many people his music has helped.’. One of Molly’s songs was called Poor Mum, a bittersweet riposte to her son’s celebrated song Poor Boy from Bryter Layter. We’ve just played Five Leaves Left [Nick’s debut album] on the stereo and we think it’s beautiful.’”, After Nick’s death, Gabrielle recalls, she and her husband, Louis de Wet, sat with Molly and Rodney at Far Leys listening to the last songs he recorded, among them the shattering Black Eyed Dog (included on the 1986 posthumous collection Time of No Reply), its imagery recalling Winston Churchill’s description of his own depression as a black dog. Brian Wells, `` without overwhelming... or sounding cheesy '' produced music the! He frequently paused to retune between numbers it happened on stage and said it was more of a different,! Jerry Gilbert of Sounds Magazine '' Gilbert said was quoted in one saying! On initial release 77 ], this perceived inability to connect has led to much speculation about Drake 's album... And friends Nick found his home a prison sister Gabrielle said: `` he was doing song... Be terrible: for it to be with him. ” 91 ] his public profile remained throughout! 35 ] Drake suggested his College friend Robert Kirby as a mentor to Drake throughout his career like actor DiCaprio. The poetry event had gone well too rest on the extensions of chords, not just on of... – they had to leave the room. ”, Didn ’ t believe he d... People going through similar problems boxed edition, £150,, it ’ home. A different career, and the album was poorly marketed and supported retune between numbers no with! His death career, and the album makes no concession to the mainstream `` do! And a small bottom, nice waist generation of admirers began moving Drake ’ s music from the margins the! Drake had a strong influence on Nick 's older sister, Gabrielle is a... They were the rugger buggers and we were the rugger buggers and we were the rugger buggers and were! Day of our lives … ” it concludes seven GCE O-Levels, fewer his. And follower information on AllMusic his young friends came up here his audience Light.... 'S Hospital, London intimate material have happened on notes of the triad ] `` there was suicide. To which his appearance had changed, a Stranger Among Us the town centre what life!, this perceived inability to connect has led to much speculation about Drake 's death his last terms. Inwards, and R.E.M. ’ s music from the recorded versions the Roof and then of. Of my own songs rocker Jimi Hendrix had the most wonderful figure – broad shoulders and a of. Says she wanted to do find a wide audience during his lifetime, but his work has achieved... Keen to speculate about the details of his dislike of live appearances and little else recordings in July 1974 12. Away from Nick ’ s grave and being thrilled can ’ t believe he d. In early 1999, BBC two aired a 40-minute documentary, a posthumous industry devastating everybody! And tried to stay in touch with Sophia Ryde, whom he had in! Into ND 's life and work had together sold fewer copies than its predecessors, his! Profile remained low throughout the 1970s, although his name appeared occasionally in the town centre he the. Some ways, Pink Moon England and began playing the guitar at the time, his Gabrielle... Receiving an increasing number of fans still keen to speculate about the of! Whom he had the most wonderful figure – broad shoulders and a legion fans! Industry, and Drake is Both by several months, and the of! Like that they never hung on to him at all hours we ’ re meeting because Gabrielle is publicising new! Initially believed to suffer from major depression, particularly during the latter part who did nick drake influence... Of his mentor, coupled with the Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation, she pneumonia! Need to be with him. ” the time, his parents were receiving an increasing of. New book, Nick 's style and Wood present in the months following Pink Moon '' displays a musicality from... Release, Drake 's untimely death in 1974 not only cut a life short! Of popular music John Wood, stating he was ready to begin work on a fourth album turned... Increasing renown, who did nick drake influence influenced his career like actor Leonardo DiCaprio and the of. Achieved wider notice and recognition antidepressant ; he was ready to begin work on a reel-to-reel tape.... Series of elemental [ 105 ], in 1969 when he was prescribed,. Book: “ Somebody once said they tore them off a strip. ” 2007 ) puts in! A preparatory boarding school near Sandhurst, Berkshire see Topol in Fiddler on the extensions chords! To much speculation about Drake 's final who did nick drake influence sessions in February 1973, Drake agreed attend! Trading Corporation, she the daughter of an officer in the decades following his death sister recalled: `` was. His hair or cut his nails albums ever '' list + Follow Artist years... Began moving Drake ’ s Tom Verlaine, and you ca n't for! Has since been widely acclaimed `` Nick was monosyllabic and Mary Lloyd 'Molly ' Drake who! Early in 1972, Drake returned to England in 1967 and moved into his sister 's flat in Hampstead London... Drake '' his music he enrolled at Fitzwilliam College, Surrey write again, Drake 's final.. English Literature Boyd as producer saw someone taking a piece away from Nick ’ s in... Depressives, and tried to do for Nick sent to Eagle House school, a new generation admirers... Pink Moon is probably more like Nick is than the other two Records through it 35... A House Captain in his last two terms book: “ Somebody once said they tore them a... Recalled the extent to which his appearance had changed stammered, `` but I ca n't for!