The Hellenistic origin of this system is visible in the fact that it’s based on the classical theory of four humors. Unani therapy also pose some restrictions on diet during the treatment. He has successfully treated thousands of patients with Ayurveda (including Herbal Ayurvedic Medicine and Ayurvedic Diet). It was widely practiced in the Mughal India and some regions of the South Asia. As the Unani practitioners were not given the status of a doctor, most of them resorted to practicing allopathic medicines and this has also retarded the growth of this science. It has developed its own techniques and instruments for performing surgeries. The body… Their balance is health while disbalance is a disease.. Temperament (Mizāj): It is the general quality of man, drug etc. Unani medicine was the first to establish that disease was a natural process and that symptoms were the reactions of the body to the disease. The human body is composed of four elements, which are air, earth, water and fire, each of these having its own temperament. This paste is a Unani medicine that helps in controlling the acne forming on the face. It is also called the ‘Tibb-E-Unani’. It got fame during Mughal Empire in India and now famous among people in India, Pakistan, several parts of Central Asia and South Asia. At the Kumbh Mela this year, we organised a Unani medicine camp where people made a beeline to get treated. Today, it serves as the basic handbook for all practitioners of Unani Medicine. Unani Medicine is an ancient system of medicine that is believed to have originated in the Perso-Arabic regions dating back almost 5000 years. The Unani  Medicine system is based on the principle of the four-humor concept of Hippocrates. Some of these products may be harmful if used improperly or without the direction of a trained practitioner. At the Kumbh Mela this year, we organised a Unani medicine camp where people made a beeline to get treated. Many eminent physicians from Persia and Central Asia came to India not only to seek fame and fortune, but also to find a safe haven from the wars and strife devastating their homelands. WHAT IS UNANI-TIBB? Unani Medicine found fertile soil in India. Meaning of Unani. The humors perform various functions in the body such as maintaining the nutrition, promoting growth and repair and producing energy, all of which allow for the preservation of the health of an individual. Humours: (Akhlāt) The form taken up by elements in living things. Those therapies include dalak (massage), hammam (bath and sauna), karat (exercise), fasd (venesection, or opening a vein to let out blood), hijamat (cupping, a process of drawing blood to the surface of the body by using a glass cup or tube), and amat-e-kai (leeching, or bleeding a person by using leeches). Unani system of medicine stresses on the importance of prevention of diseases. Special Plant-based Milk Recipe for Optimum Nutrition (with Equal Nutritional Value as Cow’s Milk). But whereas Ayurveda has enjoyed a phenomenal surge in popularity, Unani Medicine still lags behind in recognition, perhaps due to its minority Islamic associations. It obtains its nutrition from the food, which is carried to all parts of the body. Unani Medicine includes the following types of treatment: Regimental therapy involves special technique and physical methods aimed at improving and stabilizing the constitution of the body. It maintains the health of the heart and liver. of India, 1987. If this proves inadequate, then other means, such as treatment with natural medicines, may be recommended. The body is composed of several organs. The foods are categorized as laxative, diuretic or diaphoretic and these properties are used for the treatment of diseases. According to this customary framework, the human body is made out of four essential components: earth, air, water and fire having icy, hot, wet and dry dispositions individually. While Western Europe was in the Dark Ages, Greek Medicine and other branches of classical science and learning found a safe haven in Islamic lands. Arz (Earth), Ma` (Water), Hawa (Air), and Naar (Fire) which have a particular Temperaments (Kaifiyat) i.e. The temperament of air is described as hot and moist while that of the earth is cold and dry. It is also released by the other tissue of the body in small amounts. Unani supplements are prepared using medicinal herbs and minerals. In surgery, at reflex points a puncture will be made to remove some impure blood. Get notification for new articles in your inbox. The Unani System has an impressive and encouraging record in India. It is available in the form of tablets. Unani medicine is quite common with the number of people who use it being just after Ayurveda. In the Unani system of medicine, tabiyat is an individual’s internal power or capacity to withstand or combat disease and to perform normal physiological functions. Hawa (air), in which the quality of the air a person breathes is thought to have a direct effect on his or her temperament and, thus, health. The temperament is considered inequitable when there is an absence of proper distribution of the temperament according to the requirement of the human body. Around the time of the Crusades, the Islamic world produced a few very prominent and influential physicians and medical scholars. What is Unani Medicine .? Ministry of AYUSH while examining the inspection report of CCIM team in terms of regulation 3 and 10 of the “Indian Medicine Central Council (Requirements of Minimum Standard for under-graduate Unani Colleges and attached Hospitals) Regulations, 2016”, provisions of the IMCC Act, 1970 relevant regulations made there under and as per approved Standard Operative Procedures … 3. This system owes its current form to the Arabs as they saved the Greek literature and rendered it to the Arabs and also enriched this system with their own contributions by making extensive use of their knowledge of Anatomy, Physiology, Chemistry, Physics, Botany, Pathology, Surgery, and Therapeutics. The state of balance in four humours is called health and imbalanced state of these humours is called disease. Believing that it is only tabiyat that is engaged in actually curing a disease, Unani hakims hold that they only assist from “outside” by prescribing therapeutic relief. The Unani system gives high importance to the temperament of the individual while treating any disease. Apply this paste on the face for about 10 minutes and then wash it with clean lukewarm water. It believes that the human body is made of seven components including ARKAN (Elements), MIZAJ (Temperament), AKHLAT (Humors), AAZA (Organs), ARWAH (Spirits), QUWA (Faculties), and AFAAL (Functions). Based on the concept of balancing body humors. In India several institutions engaged in Unani teaching and research. The growth power helps in the regeneration and growth of the human body. The temperament is considered real equitable when the elements are in equal quantities. However, it is also largely influenced by the Chinese and Indian traditional healing systems. The unani medicine is based on humoral theory. Ilaj-bi-ghiza, or dietotherapy, involves recommending a specific diet, which is the simplest and most natural course of treatment by a hakim. It is also popular in the modern-day Central Asia. (Herbalist & Alternative Therapist), Community Engaged Archives for Social Change, A Reading of the Brāhmī Letters on an Anthropomorphic Figure, Historic Monmouth house was home to Civil War widow, Critical Mass Reunion: The 1960 Glen Echo Amusement Park Protestors Gather Again, The Unusual Story Behind the World’s Longest Table Tennis Point. So, acceptibility of cheap and effective Unani medicine is no problem. Just as the body needs systematic and planned exercise and rest, Unani medicine holds that the human mind and brain need adequate stimulation and proper relaxation as well. It enables the organs to recognize and accept the effects of psychic power. 6. By using, reading or accessing any page on this website, you agree that you have read, understood and will abide by the Disclaimer, Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Believing that it is only tabiyat that is engaged in actually curing a disease, Unani hakims hold that they only assist from “outside” by prescribing therapeutic relief. Cold and Hot as active qualities and Wet and Dry as passive qualities. Read More. Both the amount and quality of food are taken into consideration. Hakim Ajmal Khan (1864–1927) was an Unani physician, and also an Indian patriot and freedom fighter in the struggle for independence. If not adversely affected, tabiyat can eradicate most infections without medical treatment, using what may be thought of as the natural defense system of the mind and body. They either fell out of balance, which might yield diseases (depending on circumstances), or were restored to balance to heal diseases. The ancient practice is entirely holistic in its approach. Single medicines or combinations in raw form are preferred over compound formulations. It was introduced in this country by the Persians and Arabs around the eleventh century. Considered a tonic, Khamira Abresham Hakim Arshad Wala is said to enhance heart health and aid in the treatment of cardiovascular problems like high blood pressure and angina.1 Commonly prescribed treatments in Unani medicine also includ… Power of the drug used in unani system depends on the degree of the disease. 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